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The word Tanzania has been derived from the amalgamation of Tanganyika & Zanzibar in 1964.

Fact File

Area: 947,300 sq km

Capital: Political - Dar es Salaam, Legislative - Dodoma

Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TSH)

Population: 42 million

Languages: Kiswahili (Swahili), English and Arabic

Brief History:

Tanzania’s history is as old as human civilization, as the discoveries of the earliest human fossils have shown. In the late 19th century, the area was known as German East Africa and after Germany’s defeat in World War 1, it became a British colony, and came to be known as Tanganyika. Tanganyika’s independence struggle began with the Maji Maji movement in 1905. In 1959, Julius Nyerere (TANU party) won the Tanganyika legislative elections and was requested by the British to set up an internal self-government. Tanganyika became independent in 1961. Zanzibar, which was ruled by the Omani Arabs until it became a British protectorate in 1862, finally became independent in 1963. Tanganyika united with Zanzibar in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which was renamed United Republic of Tanzania in October 1964. Julius Nyerere became the first President of Tanzania.


Tanzania is a multi-party democracy. President Jakaya Kikwete is Chief of State and Head of Govt since 2005. The Vice President is Dr Ali Mohammed Shein, who is also President of Zanzibar.


Tanzania is situated on the east coast of Africa, between Kenya and Mozambique. It is bordered by Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Congo, Zaire, Malawi and Mozambique.


99% of Tanzanians are of African descent, and 95% are of Bantu origin. Remaining 1% consist of Asians, Europeans and Arabs. Largest tribes (out of a total of 130) are Sukuma (13%), Nyamwezi, Makonde, Haya and Chagga. Tanzania is 35% Muslim, 30% Christian and 35% people with indigenous belief. Zanzibar is 99% Muslim.

Dar es Salaam:

The name means “Haven of Peace”. It was developed from a small fishing village in the 1850’s by the Sultan of Zanzibar. Dar, as it is popularly known, is a pleasant coastal city with a blend of colonial, Arab, and oriental influence. It has its fill of beaches, markets, craft & souvenir shops, restaurants, bars, night clubs deep sea diving, snorkelling and watersports. Places to visit are Coco Beach, Msasani Peninsula, Pugu Hills, and some of the country best wildlife reserves which are a few hours’ drive from Dar.

Zanzibar Local name is Unguja. One of the exotic destinations of the world, Zanzibar became famous under the Omani Arabs for the flourishing Slave-Ivory-Spice trade of  mid 18th century, which continued for 100 years before slavery was abolished by the British in 1873. Zanzibar was the seat of the Sultan of Oman. The influence of that period is evident in Stone Town with its fascinating architecture and carved wooden doors. A few days in Zanzibar at the end of a grueling east African wildlife safari is highly recommended! For those who want something more lively try a dolphin boat tour or deep sea diving or snorkeling.

Tanzania Flag: Tanzania Flag

The Green colour symbolises agriculture and the fertility of the land. The Blue symbolises the Indian Ocean which is the country’s coastline. The black colour symbolises the land and people of Tanzania and the the yellow stripes its mineral wealth.

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