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- Fact File

Area: 752,618 sq km

Capital: Lusaka

Currency: Zambian Kwacha (ZMW)

Population: 16.5 million (est 2018)

Languages: English is the official language. There are many indigenous languages of Bantu orgin eg Bemba, Nyanja, etc.

Brief History:

The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the former British South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule and propelled the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD) to government.


Zambia is a multi party democracy led by President Edgar Lungu (Chief of State / Head of Government).


Zambia is a landlocked country. It is bordered by Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia and Angola.


Bemba 21%, Tonga 13.6%, Chewa 7.4%, Lozi 5.7%, Nsenga 5.3%, Tumbuka 4.4%, Ngoni 4%, Lala 3.1%, Kaonde 2.9%, Namwanga 2.8%, Lunda (north Western) 2.6%, Mambwe 2.5%, Luvale 2.2%, Lamba 2.1%, Ushi 1.9%, Lenje 1.6%, Bisa 1.6%, Mbunda 1.2%, other 13.8%, unspecified 0.4%.


The city was named after its Chief Lusaka. It became the capital in 1935 (from Livingstone). It is the seat of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government. The University of Zambia is based here.

When to visit: There are two distinct periods - wet and dry. The wet season lasts from December to April when it is hot and wet. From May to August it gets dryer and cooler, while September onwards it remains dry but gets progressively hotter until the December rains. Animals are abundant in the dry season, while the wet season is ideal for birding.

Zambia Flag: kenya flag

Green field with a panel of three vertical bands of red (hoist side), black, and orange below a soaring orange eagle, on the outer edge of the flag; green stands for the country's natural resources and vegetation, red symbolizes the struggle for freedom, black the people of Zambia, and orange the country's mineral wealth; the eagle represents the people's ability to rise above the nation's problems.

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